What is a Capital Stock? Is it different from a Preferred Stock? How does it work? Well, these are just some of the questions that are asked by many people. If you are a beginner in the stock market or starting with the stock market, you should know it. Don’t worry if you don’t.

In this article, we will read about Capital Stock in detail.

What is a Capital Stock?

It is defined as shares in any company of a particular exchangeable category. These categories can be limited or unlimited. In America, the Companies Act allows stocks to be traded as private i.e Capital Stock.

In simple words, Capital stock is the amount of common and preferred shares that a company is authorized to issue, according to its corporate charter.

What is a Capital Stock Certificate?

There is a Capital Stock Certificate which provides all the information about the capital stock. These certificates are issued periodically and are available for sale online. The certificates describe the characteristics, privileges, and restrictions of the capital stock.

It also provides a voting right to the shareholders and holders of record of each share of the capital stock.


The certificate is issued twice a year, on the first day of the fiscal year and on the last day of the same year.

However, there are different types of certificates such as Preferred Stock, Debt Stock, Repurchase Stock and Security Stock and are traded publicly on a stock exchange.

When is a Capital Stock issued? How does it work with dividends?

  • A Capital Stock is issued without the payment of dividends. The dividend payment is deferred until some specified time, usually one year. Most dividend payments in the United States are fixed and only a single per cent of the dividend is paid at any given time. There are companies that pay dividends periodically, such as oil companies.
  • Dividends yield a fixed rate of interest and dividends are the income from the sale of units to the shareholders of a company. Dividends are classified as regular income or capital profit.

However, Usually, the Board of Directors does not receive any payment for their services unless the company issues a certificate of common stock.

Are there any restrictions on Capital Stocks?

Unlike Savings and Retirement accounts, mutual funds and stock markets, there are no restrictions on how many capital stocks you can own.

The unlimited shareholder option allows you to control a great deal of wealth by buying and selling shares of capital stock. If you have an account at a brokerage, you can also buy and sell shares online through your brokerage account.


To summarize, we can say that when you hear the term “capital stock,” this refers to the fact that you will receive regular dividends, or payment of capital stock, as a result of some transaction, such as buying and selling shares of stock.


The amount of dividend received is based on how much you have invested in a company.

The dividends are also usually tax-deferred until the investor sells off his holding. It is possible to invest in government issued bonds, but these are not considered capital stocks and you will not receive dividend payments.

Bonus tips for Investing in Capital Stocks

Moreover, the definition of a capital stock is slightly different from the common understanding of what a stock market is.

You should become familiar with the various types of stocks and discuss them with your financial planner or stockbroker before deciding what is right for your specific needs.

Remember, if you do decide to buy a company’s stock, it is important to understand that the dividends will probably not be as large as you might like.

Capital stock also tends to be more volatile than the stock market since the price and value are tied to the overall performance of the company.